Berlin’s native authorities had gladly provided the roughly 40,000 euros to cowl the prices of all of the P.C.R. assessments for this experiment, stated Klaus Lederer, a politician with the left-wing Die Linke social gathering and Berlin’s present state minister for tradition, as a result of “membership tradition is part of Berlin tradition.”

Talking with reporters crammed right into a doorway exterior the Metropol nightclub to shelter from a downpour on the pilot venture’s first night time, Mr. Lederer additionally famous that protecting shuttered golf equipment afloat was costing taxpayers a hefty sum.

Dr. Frank Heppner, a professor and researcher at Charité who was with Mr. Lederer, stated that P.C.R. assessments had been needed for the research as a result of fast antigen assessments are “leaky and never best.”

“It’s important to use the most effective, most delicate device to filter out potential positives,” he stated.

The pilot venture mirrored different current experiments in Germany, together with testing protocols at Berlin classical concert venues this previous spring and an digital music competition exterior the town over the summer time.

“We all know after a really lengthy time period of lockdown that we have now extreme collateral results on the society that you need to additionally usher in. You can not simply deal with the virus and the direct penalties,” Dr. Heppner stated. “The oblique penalties on a social, on a psychological and an financial stage are additionally issues you need to weigh.”

In the intervening time, the membership research has been swept apart by the membership reopenings. However Lutz Leichsenring, the spokesman for the Membership Fee, stated the P.C.R. testing technique stays a possible possibility rather than new shutdowns or tighter restrictions if infections spike this fall. Berlin’s golf equipment had lined up lab companions, in August, to supply membership particular 15 euro P.C.R. assessments — a considerable sum in a metropolis the place door charges not often prime 20 euros, however with outcomes assured inside 4 hours.

One other lockdown could be a “worst-case state of affairs that may kill lots of jobs,” Mr. Leichsenring stated. However the research of quick-turnaround P.C.R. assessments might result in options “so we will not less than make it possible for individuals who go to golf equipment are secure,” he stated.

Alex Marshall contributed reporting.