WASHINGTON — President Biden reopened the nation on Wednesday to folks searching for inexperienced playing cards, ending a ban on authorized immigration that President Donald J. Trump imposed last spring, citing what he stated was the necessity to shield American jobs through the pandemic.

In a proclamation, Mr. Biden stated that the ban did “not advance the pursuits of the USA,” difficult Mr. Trump’s claims that the way in which to guard the American financial system through the well being disaster was to close the nation off from the remainder of the world.

“On the contrary,” Mr. Biden stated of his predecessor’s immigration ban, “it harms the USA, together with by stopping sure members of the family of United States residents and lawful everlasting residents from becoming a member of their households right here. It additionally harms industries in the USA that make the most of expertise from world wide.”

The president’s motion was the most recent instance of his efforts to roll back Mr. Trump’s assault on the nation’s immigration system. Since taking workplace, Mr. Biden has issued a number of government orders and directives geared toward lifting restrictions on immigrants put in place over the previous 4 years.

In April, because the coronavirus crisis worsened, Mr. Trump ordered a “pause” within the issuance of inexperienced playing cards, one of many major ways in which foreigners can obtain permission to dwell and work in the USA.

On the time, Mr. Trump described his motion as a solution to shield Individuals, hundreds of thousands of whom misplaced their jobs as the specter of the coronavirus shut down the financial system.

“By pausing immigration, we’ll assist put unemployed Individuals first in line for jobs as America reopens. So necessary,” Mr. Trump stated. “It will be mistaken and unjust for Individuals laid off by the virus to get replaced with new immigrant labor flown in from overseas. We should first maintain the American employee.”

Critics of Mr. Trump accused him of utilizing the pandemic as an excuse to additional advance his agenda of severely limiting immigration. And lots of students famous that research had repeatedly forged doubt on the concept that immigration was a direct menace to American jobs as a result of many immigrants take jobs that Individuals don’t need.

Mr. Biden echoed that sentiment. In his proclamation, he wrote that he discovered “that the unrestricted entry into the USA” of individuals searching for inexperienced playing cards was “not detrimental to the pursuits of the USA.”

Foreigners attempting to maneuver to the USA can search to grow to be “lawful everlasting residents” — in any other case often called receiving a inexperienced card — which permits them to dwell within the nation and ultimately search citizenship.

Mr. Trump’s proclamation didn’t block Americans from attempting to carry their spouses or youngsters to the USA. Nevertheless it did bar different foreigners, together with the family of inexperienced card holders and people searching for inexperienced playing cards based mostly on a job provide.

An evaluation by the Migration Coverage Institute on the time estimated that the coverage may have an effect on as many as 660,000 folks.

Mr. Biden has vowed to return the USA’ immigration insurance policies to what they had been earlier than Mr. Trump turned president. He has elevated the variety of refugees that may be resettled within the nation, and he has taken steps to course of claims of asylum seekers waiting in squalid camps on the Mexico border.

However Mr. Biden has additionally proposed a extra far-reaching overhaul of the nation’s immigration legal guidelines, fulfilling a marketing campaign promise he made to ship laws to Congress on the primary day of his presidency.

In his laws, the president would offer an eight-year path to citizenship for a lot of the 11 million undocumented immigrants dwelling in the USA. The laws has been proposed within the Home and Senate by Mr. Biden’s Democratic allies, however it’s unclear whether or not it may earn sufficient Republican help to move the Senate.