WASHINGTON — Mexico has agreed to permit the USA to restart a contentious asylum program that requires sure migrants to attend in Mexico till American immigration officers determine their instances — a brand new complication for the Biden administration’s fledgling efforts to remake the nation’s immigration system after the restrictive insurance policies of former President Donald J. Trump.

The Biden administration, which announced the agreement on Thursday, has tried to end the program, which American officers and advocacy teams have assailed as harmful and inhumane. But it surely has been pressured to restart it below a courtroom order, and doing so requires the cooperation of the Mexican authorities, which had been reluctant to take action with out commitments to handle humanitarian points. This system, recognized generally as Stay in Mexico and formally as Migrant Safety Protocols, is predicted to renew subsequent week, in line with The Washington Post, which earlier reported the settlement. Its asylum hearings might be held in tent courts in San Diego, El Paso and Brownsville, Texas.

At Mexico’s request, the USA has agreed to restrict immigration proceedings to 6 months per asylum applicant. In the course of the Trump administration, the Stay in Mexico instances might drag on for years in some instances, in line with Biden administration officers who spoke on situation of anonymity to debate the phrases of the settlement. American officers additionally pledged to enhance entry to counsel earlier than and when migrants denied asylum are returned to nations the place they may face persecution, and to supply extra info to migrants about this system.

This system was an early goal of President Biden’s plan to rebuild an asylum system that had largely been dismantled below Mr. Trump. Restarting it was at all times going to be a bitter tablet for the Biden administration. However its resumption, which entails putting extra folks in congregate settings, comes as the USA braces for the unfold of a worrisome new coronavirus variant, referred to as Omicron, that was detected within the nation this week.

As a part of the settlement with Mexico, the USA will provide Covid-19 vaccines to migrants in this system, the Biden administration officers mentioned.

Critics say this system pressured migrants to remain in unsanitary tent encampments the place they confronted sexual assault, kidnapping, torture and harsh climate. Underneath the brand new settlement, asylum candidates in this system will principally be single adults who’re much less susceptible to the ready situations than, for instance, migrant households with younger kids, the officers mentioned.

This system’s modifications didn’t fulfill its critics. “It is a catastrophe ready to occur,” Aaron Reichlin-Melnick, a coverage counsel on the American Immigration Council, wrote in a Twitter publish on Thursday.